When our Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution of the United States, they knew that at some point in time that changes would need to be made to our governing document. They wrote Article 5 for just that purpose and it states:
“The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.”
Most people believe that only Congress can propose an Amendment to the Constitution which then must be ratified by two-thirds of the states in order to take effect. However, if you read Article 5 carefully, you will see that the states can initiate an Amendment if two-thirds of them pass the same initiative in their state legislatures.
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