Editor’s Note: Perhaps Carly Fiorina needs to read this piece and recant her claim that the Ottoman Empire was the greatest civilization in the world.
Historian Arnold Joseph Toynbee died OCTOBER 2, 1975. He provided foreign intelligence for the British during World Wars I and II, and served as a delegate to the Paris Peace Conferences following both wars.
Arnold Joseph Toynbee was educated at Oxford “almost entirely in the Greek and Latin Classics.”
Toynbee taught at King’s College of London, the London School of Economics, and the Royal Institute of International Affairs.
“Turks…from Central Asia, ruled during the first two centuries of their conquests by…unscrupulous Sultans, who subjugated the Christian populations of Asia Minor and South-Eastern Europe, compelling part of these populations to embrace Mohammedanism,
and supporting their own power by seizing the children of the rest, forcibly converting them to Islam, and making out of them an efficient standing army, the Janizaries, by whose valour and discipline the Turkish wars of conquest were carried on from early in the 15th down into the 19th century.”
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